Diploma in Ashtadhyayi

(This programme will be conducted in online mode.)

Date of commencement: 21st August 2022
Days and timings: Thursdays; 5.00 p.m. to 7.00 p.m. and                                                                  Sundays; 10.00 a.m. to 12.00 p.m.

The Ashtadhyayi, a text of Sanskrit grammar, was written by Panini more than 2500 years ago. This work consists of approximately 4000 Sutras which formalize every aspect of Sanskrit grammar, including but not limited to phonetics, euphony, derivation, inflexion, syntax and semantics.

This text remains an unparalleled treatise of grammar in time as well as across languages and has been a subject of study of every linguistic scholar. Two traditions remain prevalent in studying the Ashtadhyayi. One is that which follows the Kashika-vrtti of Jayaditya and Vamana which explains Sutras in their original order, while the other is that which adopts an operation-based (prakriya) approach. The Vaiyakarana-Siddhanta-kaumudi of Bhattoji Dikshit has now become the standard prakriya-text. Both traditions have their advantages and it is necessary that the student familiarizes oneself with both these texts for a proper understanding of the Ashtadhyayi.

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Key Information


 1. HSC or equivalent.

 2. Diploma in Paninian Grammar OR Equivalent.  

 3. Prior Knowledge of basic framework of Paninian Grammar and the sutra system of Ashtadhyayi is necessary. 

4. Those exceptional candidates who have prior knowledge of Paninian Grammar but have not cleared any Diploma or equivalent course can be considered eligible on the basis of personal interview.


Teaching-learning occurs with a detailed study of the Sutras of the Ashtadhyayi of Panini. It gives the primary idea of Paninian Grammar to the students and prepares them for an in- depth study of the same. In this course selected Sutras of the Ashtadhyayi are taught through the Prakriya text Laghu-Siddhantakaumudi of Varadaraja.


First Year  Second Year
Vaiyakarana-Siddhanta-Kaumudi Vaiyakarana-Siddhanta-Kaumudi
Kashika Kashika


Bharatiya Sanskriti Peetham has expert faculty members, who have several years of experience in this field. They are drawn from the field of Yoga, Sanskrit and Philosophy and bring diverse perspectives that enhance teaching learning outcomes.

  • By the study of Ashtadhyayi a student is able to understand the Sanskrit language and original texts without being dependent on any translations.
  • This course is specially designed so that students are able to pursue an in-depth study of the Ashtadhyayi. By a singular focus on the text, students gain more than what is taught in a Masters programme.

The K J Somaiya Institute of Dharma Studies has a library with over 30,000 books, which is an important resource.

The K J Somaiya Institute of Dharma Studies regularly organises special lectures, seminars and workshops on different themes in areas of Religion, Culture and Philosophy. In addition, there are field trips to heritage sites. This offers students opportunities to meet students of other disciplines in informal learning forums which is an unmatched experience.

Programme Outcomes

Upon successful completion of the programme, a student will understand the complete scope of Classical Sanskrit, which shall then help one in reading and writing in the Sanskrit language. The student shall also be qualified to teach Sanskrit grammar or other Sanskrit texts. Though learning the Ashtadhyayi is a goal in itself, by becoming proficient in this text, one can engage in any kind of endeavor in the field of Sanskrit or linguistics.